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  Adunaic

  The Mannish tongue of the Númenóreans

  Dates: First called Adunaic in the early Second Age.

  There is no record of its use after the Downfall in II 33191

  Persisted in common use for some 3,300 years

  Origins: Evolved from the old tongue used by the Men of the Houseof Hador

  Race: Men

  Division: Númenóreans

  Pronunciation: Uncertain2

  Meaning: '(Language of the) West'

  Other Names: Númenórean

  The native tongue of the Númenóreans, the ancestral language ofWestron.

  Notes

  1 Though the name Adunaic cannot have been used before the Edaintravelled to Númenor at the beginning of the Second Age, thelanguage itself, or something very close to it, seems to have beenspoken in Beleriand during the First Age, at least by the people ofthe House of Hador. While there is no mention of its use after theDownfall, it cannot have become completely extinct at this date; itseems likely that the scholars of Gondor and of Arnor would havebeen familiar with the ancient tongue of their ancestors, but ingeneral use Adûnaic was replaced by the Westron (whichhad developed from it) and Elvish languages.

  2 Following the conventions of Elvish pronunciation, the wordwould be pronounced a'doon-ike. Adûnaic is not an Elvishword, though, and is in fact so clearly modelled on real linguisticterms such as Hebraic or Aramaic that a pronunciation based onthese, a'doon-ayik, seems somewhat more plausible.

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